Lynching, a form of violence in which a mob, under the pretext of administering justice without trial, executes a presumed offender, often after inflicting torture. At Milestone Documents, we believe that engaging with history’s original voices is exciting for students and liberating for instructors. While Americans of every racial background have been subjected to this violence, a disproportionate number of lynchings have been in the U.S. South and most of the victims were African American women, men, and children. Historians have increasingly embraced Wells’s This table tells its own story and shows how false is the excuse which lynchers offer to justify their fiendishness. Lynching of members of the Turkish Armed Forces occurred in the aftermath of the 2016 Turkish coup d'état attempt. Wells. In this article, which she published in the magazine Independent in 1901, she attacks the assumption that lynching resulted from a desire for Justice. BUT NOT WHEN IT REQUIRES IGNORING THE FACTS. Images of lynching are generally unambiguous: black victims hanging from trees, often surrounded by gawking white mobs. 2. Wells Lynching and the Excuse for It copy copy.docx - Razaz Yousif Oct 27,20 4 th period PRIMARY SOURCE from\"Lynching and the Excuse for It by. He is one of seven known local lynching victims out of the several thousand omitted from historical records and social narratives. Rape though was not a great factor in reasoning behind the lynching. The great majority of victims were African Americans, who, after a brief period of political power in the South during Reconstruction, by the turn of the twentieth century had been disfranchised and deprived of … PRIMARY SOURCE from “Lynching and the Excuse for It” by Ida B. The bloody history of lynchings of Mexicans in the Southwest is often forgotten, but recent research from Bill Carrigan reveals that Mexican workers and landowners were the targets of mob lynchings. African-Americans Law and Society Race and Ethnicity Gilded Lincoln 1818--1860 1866--1896 Šù’,Hÿ$ഝåŸ3²ò3úûUAÕÒ@0oLˆùu:HMÕùf?ªZ£X“WBrêf2T údH°B”d Latin America Mexico. Date Issued . Lynching is the killing of African Americans who were tor-tured, mutilated, burned, shot, dragged, or hung; accused ... used as an excuse to lynch the alleged African American rapists for the protection of southern white women. Northern Illinois University. Wells crusaded against lynching throughout the United States and Europe. Evans’s murder predates the thousands of lynchings that occurred in the United States between 1882 and 1968 that normally occupy our attention. Ida B. In the 110 years since Wells’s speech, sociologists have confirmed and extended both of her first two points. “Proof that lynching follows the color line is to be found in the statistics which have been kept for the past twenty-five years. The horrendous practice of lynching had become widespread in the South in the decades following the Civil War. One claim is that since murder is illegal, why bother have another law against it? 4 th period PRIMARY SOURCE from "Lynching and the Excuse for It" by Ida B. It was operated as a farm and known as Parchman Farm, after its first warden, J. M. “Jim” Parchman. Subject . read, consider the conclusion she draws about the cause of lynching. She also argued that any assertions of a lynch victim’s alleged crimes were only “excuses” for violence and “that the figures of the lynching record should be allowed to plead, trumpet tongued, in defense of the slandered dead, that the silence of concession be broken, and that truth, swift-winged and courageous, summon this nation to do its duty to exalt justice and preserve … Wells crusaded against lynching throughout the United States and Europe. Appreciating the helpful influences of such, a dispassionate and logical argument as that, made by the writer referred to, I earnestly, desire to say nothing to lessen the force of the. Lynching has been a major component of racial violence in the United States since the end of the Civil War. Third: It is a national crime and requires a national remedy” (Wells 1909). “First: Lynching is color line murder. ü(Ôp?¤1\`¹a5 óMH;ö×ë8Öº½t^÷ÖþÆÑtõˆ×®+h}‘ÎÉ׊Lã. Well would it, have been if every preacher in every pulpit in, the land had made so earnest a plea as that. The term is derived from the name of Charles Lynch (1736–96), who led an irregular court formed to punish loyalists during the American Revolutionary War. 800 weathered steel columns, each one etched with the names of a lynching victim, hang from the roof of the new National Memorial for Peace and Justice in Montgomery, Ala., April 20, 2018. Instead of being the sole cause of lynching, the crime upon which lynchers build their defense furnishes the least victims for the mob. text. 1901. The great majority of victims were African Americans, who, after a brief period of political power in the South during Reconstruction, by the turn of the twentieth century had been disfranchised and … 1901: Ida B. Wells-Barnett publishes Lynching and the Excuse For It The book outlined Wells-Barnett’s theory that lynching was used to maintain white supremacy by discouraging blacks from becoming involved in politics. On March 9, a white mob had murdered her friend Thomas Moss and … Wells said lynching was caused by a contempt for law and by race prejudice. Whites started lynching because they felt it was necessary to protect white women. Some students may believe that Wells risked her life because as an African-American woman she felt a moral duty to fight against discrimination and violence. Wells crusaded against lynching throughout the United States and Europe. Razaz Yousif. Oct 27,20. A litany of excuses have been offered for why lynching should not be considered a crime. Our flexible, affordable, entirely digital readers help you focus your classroom on primary sources. And it hit home for Ida B. Ida Bell Wells-Barnett (July 16, 1862 – March 25, 1931) was an American investigative journalist, educator, and early leader in the civil rights movement.She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Second: Crimes against women is the excuse, not the cause. Lynchings are a persistent form of extralegal violence in post-Revolutionary Mexico. Though lynchings eventually declined in America, they didn’t end completely. PRIMARY SOURCEfrom“Lynching and the Excuse for It” by Ida B. articles. Genre/Form . Resource Type . As you read, consider the conclusion she draws about the cause of lynching. It was the third greatest cause of lynchings behind homicides and ‘all other causes’. “Second: Crimes against women is the excuse, not the cause. Owning Institution . Wells crusaded against lynching throughout the United States and Europe. Wells Ida B. My phrase for such twisted excuse-making for brutality, by police or not, is "lynching logic." “Lynching and the Excuse for It” 1. Ida B. The Senate already passed an anti-lynching bill, but it stalled in the House, which instead opted to vote on the Emmett Till Antilynching Act sponsored by Rep. Bobby Rush, D-Ill. Ida B. Wells-Barnett: Lynching and the Excuse for It (1901) Primary Source. Over the course of a lifetime dedicated to combating prejudice and violence, and the fight for African-American … In a recent study, Equal Justice Initiative founder Bryan Stevenson documented more than 2,000 lynchings between 1865 and 1877, underscoring the longer history of such extralegal violence and its impact on Black communities. Ida B. Wells-Barnett: Lynching and the Excuse for It (1901) In the twenty years after 1885 there were more lynchings in the United States than legal executions. In this article, which she published in the magazine Independent in 1901, she, attacks the assumption that lynching resulted from a desire for Justice. As you. In this article, which she published in the magazine Independent in 1901, she attacks the assumption that lynching resulted from a desire for justice. And there was a solution for lynching — one mapped out more than a hundred years ago by Ida B. Wells in March 1892 when three young African American businessmen she knew in Memphis were abducted by a mob and murdered. Independent's first number in the new century, 19th century was that which, in its supreme, contempt for law, defied all constitutional, guarantees of citizenship, and during the last, fifteen years of the century put to death 2,000, hanging, and burning alive. The editorial was about lynching, a form of terrorism with which Wells was painfully familiar. Ida B. Accusations of rape, however, accounted for only one- Wells. The lynching murder in the sense of self-mobilizing communities or urban quarters was the exception." To many people it was not, but to the whites in the late 19th century it served a purpose. But this alleged reason adds to the deliberate injustice of the mob’s work. CHARITY HAS ITS PLACE. As you read, consider the … Lynching victim Patton’s name came up again recently as an excuse to delay a lynching memorial. It's a curse our nation has allowed to fester and kill under for centuries now. “lynching is color-line murder. Lynching in America by Christopher Waldrep (Editor) Whether conveyed through newspapers, photographs, or Billie Holliday's haunting song "Strange Fruit," lynching has immediate and graphic connotations for all who hear the word. which came from Miss Addams' forceful pen. For this reason they publish at every possible opportunity this excuse for lynching, hoping thereby not only to palliate their own crime but at the same time to prove the negro a moral monster and unworthy of the respect and sympathy of the civilized world. As you 'Lynching and the Excuse for It' in 'The Independent, v. 53 (May 16, 1901) p. 1133-36' Creator . 3. While this picture of lynching … FREE study guides and infographics! Learn more about characters, symbols, and themes in all your favorite books with Course Hero's This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 2 pages. In the twenty years after 1885 there were more lynchings in the United States than legal executions. According to Wells, 2,000 men, women, and children were lynched from 1885 to 1900. In this article, which she published in the magazine Independent in 1901, she attacks the assumption that lynching resulted from a desire for justice. Wells Barnett, Ida B. 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