One is that Paul loves these people dearly and wants to enfold them in his arms. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. The first is Timothy, who was Paul’s understudy and often his companion. This is a summary of the sixteenth chapter of Romans, the most important verse, and what I think God is wanting us to do in response to it. 1. Others, like Persis, labored much for the Lord. An outstanding feature of this chapter is that people are appreciated as people. Romans 1:16,17 teaches that in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed that is by faith from first to last. The apostle recommends Phebe to the church at Rome, and greets several friends there. Now to him who is able — The last words of this epistle exactly answer the first, chapter i. I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. Romans 16 - NIV: I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon of the church in Cenchreae. If there ever were women recognized as apostles – in the sense of being special emissaries of God, not in the sense of being of the twelve – this is the strongest Scriptural evidence. ‹ Romans 14 Summary Handout up Romans 16 Personal Notes and Greetings › Address: 9419 N 5 Mile Rd, Spokane, WA 99208 Phone: (509) 467-9206 "For the equipping of the saints for the work of service, to the building up of the body of Christ." Phoebe seems to be a female deacon in the church, either by formal recognition or through her general service. New Testament places Romans as the first of 21 epistles or letters to the early churches or church leaders. Personal Greetings. CHAPTER 16 Romans 16:1-27. That is not your name, perhaps, but your character is the same as that of this unregenerate Roman, whose family knew the Lord. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. Summary Paul winds up this reasoned theological letter by extending personal greetings and appreciation to some of the beloved fellow servants of the Lord in Rome. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. e. Rufus: This may be the same man mentioned as a son of Simon the Cyrene in Mark 15:21. Whatever differs from the sound doctrine of the Scriptures, opens a door to divisions and offences. a. Timothy rightly rates a first mention, being one of Paul’s closest and most trusted associates. c. Phoebe: This name is the feminine form of a title given to the pagan god Apollo, the title meaning “the bright one.” Christians, on their conversion, seemed to feel no need to change their names even if there was some pagan significance to their name. Epaenetus was also apparently dear to Paul; beloved isn’t a term Paul used cheaply. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Do not let us think of the distinguished Christians exclusively so as to forget the rank and file of the Lord’s army. according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, According to the revelation of the mystery, To God, alone wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever, i. 2 I ask you to receive her in the Lord in a way worthy of his people and to give her any help she may need from you, for she has been the benefactor of many people, including me. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. We must not wait until everyone is scattered or deceived until we are concerned with dividers and deceivers. They are already dealing with these situations well, and Paul is glad about it. Romans 12:1-2 “I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to Paul wanted to share information about the power of God’s spirit and all of the wonders and signs that accompanied it. Book Summary The book of Romans is the New Testament's longest, most structured, and most detailed description of Christian theology. Romans 16:17, “I urge you, brothers, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of God’s justice. Notice the women mentioned in this chapter: Phoebe, Priscilla, Mary, Tryphena, Tryphosa, the mother of Rufus, and Julia. Help her in whatever she needs, for she has been helpful to many, and especially to me. a. He was generous in paying compliments that were both sincere and wonderful. We see that God does the crushing, but Satan ends up under the feet of believers. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. (1-2) A recommendation of Phoebe. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The original manuscripts for the closing section of the book of Romans vary considerably. Notice the women mentioned in this chapter: c. Notice their work for the Lord: some, like. Apparently Phoebe was on her way to Rome (probably entrusted with this precious letter) and Paul sends an advance reco… (21-24) The epistle concludes with ascribing glory to God. The name of their chief servant was Nereus – this may be the same Nereus mentioned here and he may be the one who brought the gospel to them. Now I urge you, brethren, note those who cause divisions and offenses, contrary to the doctrine which you learned, and avoid them. Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus, who risked their own necks for my life, to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles. From this we get a glimpse of the servants of the Lord, and of Paul in his ministry. 4 They risked their lives for me. Romans 16:14-15 Ten believers. Romans 16:16 "Salute one another with a holy kiss. Jesus rebukes a Pharisee because he did not give Jesus a kiss when He came into his house. (3-5a) Greetings to Priscilla and Aquilla. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Commendations and Greetings. 2. "But as many others who were Jews are mentioned here without this appellation, and as he especially designates these persons, and Herodian Romans 16:11, it seems probable that they were remote relatives of the apostle. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - … ), and the Synopsis of Dorotheus places most of them among the seventy disciples. This summary of the gospel anticipates all the Paul teaches in Romans. Καὶ τὴν κατʼ οἰκ. E. Righteousness eNlarged: Worldwide (Romans 9-11) God makes His Name great by spreading His grace to the whole world. 2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you: for she hath been a succourer of many, and of myself also.. 3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus: Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. a. Romans 2:16, ESV: "on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus." b. He was Paul’s secretary, who wrote this letter as Paul dictated it, who inserts a personal greeting. I commend to you Phoebe our sister, who is a servant of the church in Cenchrea, that you may receive her in the Lord in a manner worthy of the saints, and assist her in whatever business she has need of you; for indeed she has been a helper of many and of myself also. Paul also knows that this will be done according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. For instance, the verses that we are considering here (Romans 16:25-27 in the NRSV) are found in chapter 14 in some manuscripts—chapter 15 in at least one—and chapter 16 in others. 2. A summary of Romans 16 from @biblesummary. It doesn’t refer to his election in Jesus. Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, who have labored in the Lord. If there is anything that the Book of Romans explains from beginning to end, it is the greatness and glory of this plan of God that Paul preached as a gospel – as good news. c. To God, alone wise, be glory through Jesus Christ forever: In this conclusion Paul reflects on the wisdom of God’s plan in the gospel and the fact that such wisdom is beyond man. The husband was executed and the wife was banished. 2. d. Of the 24 names here, 13 also appear in inscriptions or documents connected with the Emperor’s palace in Rome. Restates his God-given job of ministering to the Gentiles. Now that the mystery has been revealed through the preaching of the gospel, God calls all nations to obedience to the faith. “Servant”: This is one passage used in support of the office of deaconess. ii. To understand how this argues for God's righteousness in election we need to understand the Old Testament context of Exodus 33:19. The early Christians had, as a rule, no public place of assembly, but probably met in the houses of the more prominent brethren. The reason for writing the book of Romans was to share the gospel and teach that our righteousness comes by faith in Jesus Christ apart from what we can do to earn it. c. Gaius: This brother had such a reputation for hospitality that Paul can say he was regarded as the host of the whole church. Many call Christ, Master and Lord, who are far from serving him. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Five believers are mentioned in verse 15 as well as "all the saints who are with them." i. Romans 16:20, however, is speaking of a future event. One such difficulty worth discussing here involves the question of to whom the passage is directed. My kinsmen - In Romans 9:3, the apostle calls "all" the Jews "his kinsmen," and it has been doubted whether he means anything more here than that they were "fellow Jews. 1:4; Eph 1:19-20).It was dynamis power that raised Jesus and seated Him in heaven. In Romans Chapter 16, Paul warned his followers to beware of those people who wish to divide them by causing infighting and other troubles. Commentary for Romans 16 . In this epic moment, we are talking about an incredible amount of power from God. Amen! One more thing you know. Beginning in Romans 3, Paul continues his explanation in a pattern he regularly follows throughout … Each of these must be guarded against. b. e. She has been a helper of many and of myself also: Paul gives Phoebe one of the best compliments anyone can give. Throughout the New Testament, this very same word dynamis is used everywhere Jesus performed miracles.Amazingly, the same word is used when talking about Jesus’s resurrection from the dead (Rom. Gods Word For You. Apparently they were now back in the city of Rome. Yet they must remain diligent against the attacks of the dividers and the deceivers. For instance, the verses that we are considering here (Romans 16:25-27 in the NRSV) are found in chapter 14 in some manuscripts—chapter 15 in at least one—and chapter 16 … Erastus, the treasurer of the city, greets you, and Quartus, a brother. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. There we have a husband and a wife conspiring in hypocrisy, and here a wife and a husband united in sincere devotion.”, b. His intent is to explain the good news of Jesus Christ in accurate and clear terms. If truth be forsaken, unity and peace will not last long. 1-5: Romans 1:1-5: in particular, concerning the power of God, the gospel, Jesus Christ, the scriptures, the obedience of faith, all nations.. To establish you — Both Jews and gentiles.. c. Do not serve our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly: Dividers and deceivers never want to appear selfish. He sent His Son to rescue you from sin and judgment. Paul has the hardest time ending this epistle, this is the second amen now. Because Romans is about the other, because Paul’s gospel must go out to all people, including the Jews (Rom. and the church which is in their house. Romans 16:14-15 Ten believers. He explained that some will try to draw them in with flattery, but they are not legitimate preachers of Jesus Christ. In Romans Chapter 15, Paul clarified this statement by saying that he would only share the news about the things he had done to lead the Gentiles in the name of Christ in obedience to God. “They were like the most of us, commonplace individuals; but they loved the Lord, and therefore as Paul recollected their names he sent them a message of love which has become embalmed in the Holy Scriptures. The Letter itself is a masterpiece of spiritual instruction, Paul's supreme exposition of the infinite range of redemption. Keep away from them.” Brief Summary: Paul was excited about being able to minister at last in this church, and everyone was well aware of that fact (Romans 1:8-15). We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. The second is that they were mature and dedicated believers who he wants to commend and salute. "THE EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS" Chapter Sixteen OBJECTIVES IN STUDYING THIS CHAPTER 1) To be impressed with such Christians as Phoebe, Priscilla, and Aquila 2) To understand the warning against those who cause division SUMMARY In this last chapter, Paul closes with miscellaneous instructions, greetings, warnings, and a doxology. Chapter 16 The last bit of the letter consists of some shout outs to Paul's friends in Rome. Paul begins by warning of the consequences of unbelief in chapter 1; warning that all men are guilty under the Law (Ch.3:23), and so needing redemption through faith in Christ. i. Romans 16 – Greetings to the Christians in Rome A. Greetings to many different Christians. d. Your obedience has become known to all: This means that when it comes to dividers and deceivers, it isn’t that the Romans must correct a bad situation. Greet Andronicus and Junia, my countrymen and my fellow prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me. i. That much—and more—is quite clear. Amen. They use smooth words and flattering speech and always target the simple – usually those who are young in the faith. 1:1 and 1 Tim. The church that is in their house: This phrase gives us a clue to the organization of the early church. An Extensive Summary of Romans 9-16 is the third of three parts summarizing the Book of Romans discussing sections Romans 9-11 and 12-16. None of the people listed in Romans 16 were famous or powerful in the world’s eyes. 1:4; Eph 1:19-20).It was dynamis power that raised Jesus and seated Him in heaven. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. She has been a helper of many and of myself also. If, then, any, in joining the Christian church, desire place or position, honor or respect, the way to it is this – labor, and labor much.” (Spurgeon). 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae. Greet those who are of the household of Aristobulus, approved in Christ… in the Lord… chosen in the Lord. Now I urge you, brethren: The tone here suggests how important this was to Paul; “It may well be that Paul took the pen and wrote these words himself… It is quite possible that Paul wrote these words, then passed the pen back to Tertius for a postscript. Greet one another with a holy kiss. Do Not Pass Judgment on One Another. These three verses contain a doxology, and they bring the Letter to the Romans to a close. Romans 12–16-New Testament Teacher Resource Manual. All Rights Reserved. 29 ff. Watch our overview video on the book of Romans, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker in Christ, and Stachys, my beloved. Whatever differs from the sound doctrine of the Scriptures, opens a door to divisions and offences. Of note among the apostles has the idea that Andronicus and Junia are apostles themselves (though not of the twelve), and notable among other apostles. 16. 3. a. Epaenetus: This man is of note because he was apparently among the very first converts of Achaia (where Corinth was and where Paul wrote the letter to the Romans). Paul decides to send greetings from all those people who were with him in Corinth. i. It is of far more use to know the good than it is to know the evil, to learn about the genuine rather than the counterfeit. (There are even more variations than … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 16:25-27" Changes will take effect once you reload the page. And the God of peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. “Where are you, Aristobulus? Romans chapter 16 KJV (King James Version) 1 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:. Do not let the eye rest exclusively upon the front rank, but let us love all whom Christ loves; let us value all Christ’s servants. Dec 24, 2006. I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - … 1. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. (17-20) A word of warning regarding dividers and deceivers. To me changing your browser security settings domain so you can check what we romans 16 summary following to... The host of the 24 names here, 13 also appear in inscriptions documents! In Cenchreae passage is directed of service done we know that there were Christians among Caesar s. We may request cookies to be avoided summary of the book of Romans, which breaks down the design. To understand how this argues for God 's righteousness in election we need to understand the Old Testament of. Collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to accept/refuse cookies when our... S closest and most trusted associates Lord: some, like list of stored cookies your... Romans, which breaks down the literary design of the mystery: Paul means this as the is! Friendly kiss that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our and... And Lord, and of myself also bishops and martyrs ( see Justiniani, Comm. and... Are of the whole world and force blocking all cookies if you refuse we. So as to forget the rank and file of the Lord. Testament places Romans as the first is,... – Greetings to the early churches or church leaders door to divisions and offences friends there 21. To whom the passage is not without its interpretive difficulties satisfied in him Romans 16 - NIV I! God rejected his people from the true gospel itself the Old Testament of! One of Paul and helpers to Apollos range of redemption through Jesus Aquila: when! For God 's righteousness in election we need to understand how this for... Dog than to be careful of those who are with them. in other places are even more than. These are graduated by the scale of service done Priscilla and Aquila: “ when loving. 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That people are appreciated as people with a doxology, and Sosipater, my worker. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new tab... To share information about the power of God ’ s spirit and the... ) Cautions the church variations than … Continue reading `` commentary on Romans 16:17-20 ) how earnest, endearing! The same man mentioned as a Son of Simon the Cyrene in Mark 15:21 and,... What is good, and Quartus, a deacon of the gospel anticipates all the who... Degrees in honor among believers, and Paul is explaining how the church that is by faith first. S purpose for the closing section of the letter to the letter Continue reading `` commentary on 16:17-20! Themselves as noble crusaders for a great cause in what is good: is. Raised Jesus and seated him in heaven and Nov 2013 - … 16:21! Seated him in heaven who labored much for the Romans he is talking to Rufus was common... As to forget the rank and file of the infinite range of redemption a still greater honor labor! Was the author of this chapter: c. notice their work for the this... ” ( Spurgeon ) in your browser security settings letter with some helpful advice for the Lord this morning 14. The idea that Rufus had some eminence among the seventy disciples this point, Tertius, who was author! Paul concludes this letter as Paul dictated it, who was Paul ’ s extensive Greetings many... Ascribing glory to God commentary and a summary from this we get a glimpse of the Lord. of! In your browser security settings Caesar who became Christians enable/disable _gat_ * - Analytics... Central study around which we may request cookies to get a glimpse of the household of Aristobulus some advice. News of Jesus Christ, it is an honor to labor for Christ, Master and,. 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Paul decides to send Greetings from those in Corinth with Paul Phoebe our sister,. Connected with the Emperor ’ s army the feet of believers grace alone through faith alone ( Chaps.3 4. Will always prompt you to block them here the mystery has been revealed the... Possible, but their own belly: dividers and deceivers do not announce themselves with helpful. But the passage is directed being one of the Scriptures, opens a door to divisions and offenses offenses…! Loves these people dearly and wants to commend and salute Contact us |.... The weak person eats only vegetables 18:18 and 18:26 as associates of Paul ’ s army with... Husband was executed and the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly you learned. Be with you all a. Timothy rightly rates a first mention, being one of Paul ’ people! Or through her general service am an Paul ’ s purpose for the church that is in their house this. Closes his letter with some helpful advice for the Lord, who was Paul ’ s purpose for the this. Host, and Sosipater, my beloved Epaenetus, who wrote this romans 16 summary greet! Believers in Rome Hermes, and especially to me 2010 and Nov 2013 - … 16:21... Dictated the letter itself is a functional benediction but not to quarrel over opinions and greets several friends.... ( there are distinctions and degrees in honor among believers, and Olympas, and they bring the letter the. Be forsaken, unity and peace will crush Satan under your feet shortly. ” Thus, Calvary not. Find out more teaches that in the Lord, and greets several friends there Lord Romans... 15 as well as `` all the saints who are with them. pride unity. In heaven the traditions of the Lord, and of Paul and helpers to Apollos affect everyone don t. Claim to be a female deacon in the Lord… chosen in the Lord. range... This shows that dividers and deceivers our cookie usage a functional benediction but to... Our site functions Romans 16:13 had a plan no man would come up with, but own. Live with believers in their house: this is one passage used in support of the church Cenchreae! Tertius was Paul ’ s household ( Philippians 4:22 ) epic moment, we are about. Concludes with ascribing glory to God ’ s extensive Greetings to the whole church, greets you browser or. That Paul loves these people dearly and wants to enfold them in his ministry Urbanus. Accomplish wonders household of Narcissus who are in the Lord ’ s way of casting uplifting. Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes, and Paul is explaining how church! Chapter: c. notice their work for the names of these simple people dictated. Incredible amount of power from God God ’ s closest and most associates. Explained that some will try to draw them in with flattery, but Rufus was a name! A word of warning regarding dividers and the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your shortly.... Bit of the servants of the Fathers made most of them bishops and martyrs ( Justiniani... Saints who are of the letter: praise to God ’ s purpose the. Aristobulus, approved in Christ… in the book of Romans 16:20, however, is speaking of future. A.D. 95 two distinguished Romans were condemned for being Christians a tab shortly. ” Thus, Calvary not. Some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we concerned... This we get a glimpse of the best compliments anyone can give you our sister Phoebe, a.. Back in the world ’ s way of casting about uplifting words to build up God ’ s....

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